Table of Equivalents

Food

Apples

bread crumbs


cabbage

cheese

cherries

crackers, graham

crackers, soda


cranberries

cream, whipping

dried raisins, currants


dates

dry beans

eggs




flour

lemon

macaroni,spaghetti,
noddles

nuts,peanuts

pecans,chopped

halves

walnuts,chopped

halves

onion

orange

rice

rice,precooked

sugar,brown

confectioners

granulated

Quantity

1 medium

3 to 4 slices bread
1 slice bread

1 pound

¾ pound

1 quart

15

16
22

1 pound

1 cup

1 pound


1 pound

1 cup

5 medium
8 medium egg whites
12 to 14 medium egg yolks

1 pound sifted

1

½ pound


5 ounces

4 ½ ounces

3 ¾ ounces

4 ½ ounces

3 ½ ounces

1 medium

1

1 cup

1 cup

1 pound

1 pound

1 pound

Yield

1 cup sliced

1 cup dry crumbs
¾ cup soft crumbs

4 cups shredded

1 cup shredded

2 cups pitled

1 cup fine crumbs

1 cup coarse crumbs
1 cup fine crumbs

3 to 3 ½ cups sauce

2 cups whipped

3 cups seedless
2 ½ cups, seeded

2 ½ cups, chopped

2 ½ cups cooked

1 cup
1 cup
1 cup


4 cups

2 to 3 tablespoons juice

4 cups cooked


1 cup

1 cup

1 cup

1 cup

1 cup

½ cup chopped

1/3 to ½ cup juice

3 ½ cups cooked

2 cups coooked

2 ¼ cups firmly packed

3 ½ cups sifted

2 ¼ cups

Table of Subtitutions

Ingredients

Baking powder




Butter






Chocolate


Cream


Egg


Flour(for thickening)



Flour






Herbs

Honey


Milk


Buttermilk



Yeast

Sour cream


Cream cheese



Mascarpone

Quantity

1 teaspoon double-acting



1 cup






1 square unsweetened


1 cup heavy cream


1 whole egg

1 tablespoon




1 cup all-purpose
1 cup cake flour
1 cup self-rising




1 tablespoon fresh

1 cup


1 cup milk


1 cup sour milk



1 cake compressed

1 cup


1 cup



1 cup

Substitute

¼ teaspoon baking soda plus
½ cup buttermilk of sour milk

1 cup margarine
7/8 to 1 cup hydrogenated fat plus
½ teaspoon salt
¼ teaspoon butter extract

3 tablespoon cocoa plus
1 tablespoon shortening

1/3 cup butter plus ¾ cup milk

2 egg yolks

½ tablespoon cornstarch or 2 teaspoons quick-cooking tapioca

1 cup plus 2 tablespoons cake flour
7/8 cup all-purpose flour
1 cup flour, omit baking powder and salt

1 teaspoon dried

1 to ¼ cups sugar plus ¼ cup liquid

1 cup non dairy soymilk
1 cup rice milk

1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar plus sweet milk to make one cup

1 cup tofutti sour cream

1 cup tofutti cream cheese

½ cup tofutti cream cheese plus ½ tsp vanilla extract

½ cup tofutti cream cheese plus ½ cup parevewnipping cream plus ½ tsp vanilla extract

The Most Usual Weights And Measures

A pinch                       = 1/8 teaspoon or less

1 tablespoon              = 3 teaspoons

4 tablespoons            = ¼ cup

8 tablespoons            = ½ cup

12 tablespoons          = ¾ cup

1 cup of liquid           = ½ pint

2 cups of liquids       = 1 pint

4 cups of liquid         = 1 quart

2 pints of liquid        = 1 quart

4 quarts                      = 1 galoon

8 quarts                      = 1 peck such as apples,pears, etc

16 ounces                   = 1 pound